The Korean Economic Review
Deciphering Monetary Policy Board Minutes with Text Mining: The Case of South Korea
Young Joon Lee (Yonsei University), Soohyon Kim (Yonsei University) and Ki Young Park (Yonsei University)Year 2019Vol. 35No. 2
AbstractWe quantify the Monetary Policy Board minutes of the Bank of Korea (BOK) by using text mining. We propose a novel approach that uses a field-specific Korean dictionary and contiguous sequences of words (n-grams) to capture the subtlety of central bank communications. Our text-based indicator helps explain the current and future BOK monetary policy decisions when considering an augmented Taylor rule, suggesting that it contains additional information beyond the currently available macroeconomic variables.In explaining the current and future monetary policy decisions, our indicator remarkably out performs English-based textual classifications, a media-based measure of economic policy uncertainty, and a data-based measure of macroeconomic uncertainty. Our empirical results also emphasize the importance of using a field-specific dictionary and the original Korean text.